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This cultural definition of ethnicity has been suggested to be certainly one of the reasons that Denmark was capable of combine their earliest ethnic minorities of Jewish and Polish origins into the Danish ethnic group. Jewishness was not seen as being incompatible with a Danish ethnic id, as long as the most important cultural practices and values were shared. This inclusive ethnicity has in turn been described as the background for the relative lack of virulent anti-semitism in Denmark and the rescue of the Danish Jews, saving ninety-9 percent of Denmark’s Jewish inhabitants from the Holocaust. As an idea, det danske people performed an necessary role in 19th-century ethnic nationalism and refers to self-identification somewhat than a authorized standing.
There are additionally numerous references to numerous Dani people in Scandinavia or other locations in Europe in Ancient Greece and Roman accounts , as well as some medieval literature . Evidence of Denmark’s political power and influence can be seen in the stamp of the Danish language on the Norwegian, Swedish, and Icelandic languages. Low German words, prefixes, and suffixes from contact with the merchants of the Hanseatic League.
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Modern Danish cultural id is rooted within the start of the Danish national state during the 19th century. In this regard, Danish nationwide identification was built on a basis of peasant tradition and Lutheran theology, with Grundtvig and his in style movement taking part in a outstanding part within the course of. Two defining cultural standards of being Danish had been speaking the Danish language and identifying Denmark as a homeland. Importantly, since its formulation, Danish identification has not been linked to a specific racial or organic heritage, as many different ethno-national identities have. F. S. Grundtvig, for instance, emphasised the Danish language and the emotional relation to and identification with the nation of Denmark as the defining criteria of Danishness.
Excluded from this definition are individuals from the formerly Norway, Faroe Islands, and Greenland; members of the German minority; and members of different ethnic minorities. The Reformation, which originated in the German lands within the early sixteenth century from the ideas of Martin Luther (1483–1546), had a substantial impression on Denmark. In 1524, Hans Mikkelsen and Christiern Pedersen translated the New Testament into Danish; it turned an instant greatest-vendor. Those who had traveled to Wittenberg in Saxony and come beneath the affect of the teachings of Luther and his associates included Hans Tausen, a Danish monk within the Order of St John Hospitallers.
The most outstanding function of its sound system is the glottal stop (stød), derived from what was originally a tonal accent. A spelling reform in 1948 eradicated the capitalization of nouns and launched the letter å for aa, thereby making the spelling more just like that of Norwegian and Swedish.
Danes, Icelanders, Norwegians, and Swedes are Germanic, descendants of peoples who first moved northward from the North European Plain some 10,000 years ago, when the ice sheets of the final glacial period retreated. The North Germanic, or Scandinavian group, consists of the Norwegians, Danes, Swedes, and Icelanders. It is especially attention-grabbing to follow the literary activity of three of those Germanic peoples, the Anglo-Saxons, the Scandinavians, and the Germans. Danish Americans (Dansk-amerikanere) are Americans of Danish descent. There are roughly 1,500,000 Americans of Danish origin or descent.
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In 1523, Sweden received its independence, leading to the dismantling of the Kalmar Union and the establishment of Denmark-Norway. Denmark-Norway grew wealthy through the 16th century, largely because of the increased site visitors through the Øresund.
Over the subsequent centuries, the Danish empire expanded throughout the southern Baltic coast. Under the 14th century king Olaf II, Denmark acquired management danish brides of the Kingdom of Norway, which included the territories of Norway, Iceland and the Faroese Islands.
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Most Danish-Americans stay within the Western United States or the Midwestern United States. California has the most important population of people of Danish descent in the United States.
The Crown of Denmark might tax the traffic, as a result of it controlled both sides of the Sound at the time. The following years noticed the Danish Viking expansion, which incorporated Norway and Northern England into the Danish North Sea Empire. After the death of Canute the Great in 1035, England broke away from Danish control. Canute’s nephew Sweyn Estridson (1020–74) re-established robust royal Danish authority and built a great relationship with the archbishop of Bremen, at the moment the archbishop of all Scandinavia.
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Use of the time period is most frequently restricted to a historical context; the historic German-Danish battle concerning the status of the Duchy of Schleswig vis-à-vis a Danish nation-state. It describes folks of Danish nationality, each in Denmark and elsewhere–most importantly, ethnic Danes in both Denmark correct and the former Danish Duchy of Schleswig.